Preview

Journal of Digital Technologies and Law

Advanced search

“Smart Cities”: Legal Regulation and Potential of Development

https://doi.org/10.21202/jdtl.2023.35

EDN: djkvsd

Full Text:

Abstract

Objective: to research the trends of development of the “smart cities” concept and their legal regulation.

Methods: general scientific (induction, deduction) and special (systemicstructural, comparative-legal analysis) methods were used. Also, review analysis was applied to analyze the status quo of “smart cities”. Innovative research approaches are still rare in considering the “smart cities” concept, as well as the prospects referring to targeted knowledge management and cooperation between the respective stakeholders. As for the special research methods for studying digital relations, we used content analysis (the method of creating reproducible and substantiated conclusions from texts (or other meaningful materials) in the context of their use). As the results of previous research and concepts referring to “smart cities” are available, we also used deductive content analysis.

Results: a characteristic is given to public relations formed within the process of development of “smart cities” concept. The key legal acts, principles of formation and functioning of “smart cities” are identified, taking into account the Russian and foreign experience. In this connection, the examples of successful practices are given, of the activities of both Russian and foreign municipal entities, taking into account the competitions held and rankings determined by the central structures. The popular directions are summarized, which are broadly introduced at the local level, and the probable problems are identified in the sphere of implementation of this project in our state.

Scientific novelty: the article carries out an analysis of the current legal regulation and the results of introducing the “smart cities” concept. The promising technologies and methods are identified, which are necessary to achieve the tasks of the concept implementation. The elements are specified, which ensure sustainability of “smart cities” complying with the future demands. An author’s position is expressed regarding a close interrelation of this phenomenon with the institute of local self-government in the context of possible development of the latter into the process of making managerial decisions involving artificial intelligence. This concerns, first of all, using the potential of the Internet of Things. In practice, a lot of problems occur, associated with the implementation of normatively stipulated provisions, which implies the need to perform further research in the sphere under study.

Practical significance: is due to the insufficient development of data about the features and prospects of introducing the idea of “smart cities”. The provisions of the research performed will allow effectively improving the mechanisms of legal regulation and broad implementation of the concept under study.

About the Author

E. Yu. Tikhaleva
Middle Russia Institute of Management – branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration
Russian Federation

Elena Yu. Tikhaleva – Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Constitutional, Administrative and Criminal Law

Google Scholar ID: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=Rt1gtkoAAAAJ

RSCI Author ID: https://elibrary.ru/author_items.asp?authorid=852559

12 Oktyabrskaya Str., 302028 Orel


Competing Interests:

The author declares no conflict of interest



References

1. Abramov, V., & Andreev, V. (2022). Problems and prospects of digital transformation of state and municipal governance in a region (the case of the Kemerovo region). Ars Administrandi, 14(4), 667–700. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17072/2218-9173-2022-4-667-700

2. Antonova, A. V. (2020). Development of the city assessment technique by the criteria of a “smart” city. Management Issues, 6(67), 122–141. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.22394/2304-3369-2020-6-122-141

3. Apostu, S., Vasile, V., Vasile, R., & Rosak-Szyrocka, J. (2022). Do Smart Cities Represent the Key to Urban Resilience? Rethinking Urban Resilience. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(22), 15410. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192215410

4. Attaran, H., Kheibari, N. A., & Bahrepour, D. (2022). Toward Integrated Smart City: a New Model for Implementation and Design Challenges. GeoJournal, 87(S4), 511–526. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10708-021-10560-w

5. Bekbolat B. M., Mahatov N. B., & Damysbek B. D. (2021). The Convenience of Smart Technologies for Cities. Molodoy ucheniy, 9(351), 36–38.

6. Belov, V. I., & Smirnov, I. I. (2018). Managing cities’ life activity through implementation of the “Smart city” concept. Sinergiya Nauk, 24, 439–445. (In Russ.).

7. Caprotti, F., & Liu, D. (2020). Platform Urbanism and the Chinese Smart City: the Coproduction and Territorialisation of Hangzhou City Brain. GeoJournal, 87(3), 1559–1573. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10708-020-10320-2

8. Csukás, M., & Szabó, R. Z. (2022). What are the conditions to become smart? Informacios Tarsadalom, 22(2), 9–26. https://doi.org/10.22503/inftars.xxii.2022.2.1

9. Esayan, A. K., & Truntsevskiy, Yu. V. (2020). Common approaches to the legal regulation of technologies in the smart city area. Public International and Private International Law, 1, 36–41. (In Russ.). European Economic and Social Committee. (2015). Opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee on “Smart cities as drivers for development of a new European industrial policy” (own-initiative opinion). Official Journal of the European Union, 58, 24–33.

10. Fedorchenko, S. N., & Karlyavina, E. (2021). Smart City: the arrival of a New Democracy or Digital Totalitarianism? Journal of Political Research, 5(1), 3–22. https://doi.org/10.12737/2587-6295-2021-5-1-3-22

11. Ganin, O., & Ganin, I. (2014). “Smart City”: Development Prospects and Trends. Ars Administrandi, 1, 124–135. (In Russ.).

12. Golikova, Yu. B. (2020). Economics and innovation management in cities and regions as a basis for forming the concept of the future “Smart city”. Sovremennye aspekty ekonomiki, 3–2(271), 18–27. (In Russ.).

13. Jothimani, P., Chenniappan, P., & Chidambaranathan, V. (2022). Factors Impinge on the Development of a Smart City: a Field Study. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29(57), 86298–86307. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-17930-4

14. Kamolov, S., Glazyeva, S. S., & Tazhiyeva, S. K. (2020). Smart cities in Eurasian economic union: outlook for Russian regional technological leadership. Russian Economic Journal, 5, 64–82. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.33983/0130-9757-2022-5-64-82

15. Kostko, N., Pecherkina, I., & Popkova, A. (2022). Implementation models for the “smart city” concept in the strategies for socio-economic development of large cities in the Russian Federation. Public Administration Issues, 4, 197–223. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17323/1999-5431-2022-0-4-197-223

16. Kuranov, A. S. (2020). “Smart city” as “safe city”. Obrazovaniye i nauka v Rossii i za rubezhom, 4(68), 191–194. (In Russ.).

17. Langendahl, P. (2021). The Politics of Smart Farming Expectations in Urban Environments. Frontiers in Sustainable Cities, 3, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3389/frsc.2021.691951

18. Lee, J. P., & Nam, J. H. (2021). Analysis of Regional Characteristics and Deficiency Areas of Smart City Living Service : Focused on the Seoul. Journal of Korea Planning Association, 56(5), 30–43. https://doi.org/10.17208/ jkpa.2021.10.56.5.30

19. Malchenko, Yu. A. (2020). From Digital Divide to Consumer Adoption of Smart City Solutions: a Systematic Literature Review and Bibliometric Analysis. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Mathematics, 3, 316–335.

20. Molchanova, V. A. (2019). From a smart city to a just city: problems of sustainable development under digital economy. Kreativnaya ekonomika, 13(12), 2371–2386. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.18334/ce.13.12.41379

21. Moustaka, V., Maitis, A., Vakali, A., & Anthopoulos, L. (2021). Urban Data Dynamics: A Systematic Benchmarking Framework to Integrate Crowdsourcing and Smart Cities’ Standardization. Sustainability, 13(15), 8553. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13158553

22. Nizamieva, E. B. (2021). Smart city development as a driver of efficiency reorganization and improvement of cities. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitelnogo universiteta. Journal of Construction and Architecture, 23(6), 19–27. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.31675/1607-1859-2021-23-6-19-27

23. Saragih, L. R., Dachyar, M., & Zagloel, T. Y. M. (2021). Business Process Reengineering at ICT Operations, In Managing Smart Cities as New Customers (Non-Human). International Journal of Technology, 12(2), 378–389. https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v12i2.4418

24. Sharova, A. A. (2019). “Smart city” project as a complex solution to improve the quality of managing cities and standard of living in them. Meridian-journal, 14(32), 3–5. (In Russ.).

25. Shkvarya, L. V., & Semenov, A. S. (2020). Smart cities: necessity and development strategies. Informatsiya i Innovatsii, 15(2), 52–58. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.31432/1994-2443-2020-15-2-52-58

26. Shnyrenkov, E. A. (2019). Economic problems of “Smart city” project development in Russian cities. Ekonomika i predprinimatelstvo, 4(105), 304–307. (In Russ.).

27. Strelnikova, S. A., & Tsutsiev, M. A. (2017). Spatial development of Russia: issues of strategy (interview with P. A. Chistyakov, Vice President of the Center for infrastructure economics). Byudzhet, 2, 76–79. (In Russ.).

28. Treude, M., Schüle, R., & Haake, H. (2022). Smart Sustainable Cities – Case Study Südwestfalen Germany. Sustainability, 14(10), 5957. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14105957

29. Vukovic N. A., Larionova V. A., & Morganti P. (2021). Smart Sustainable Cities: Smart Approaches and Analysis. Ekonomika regiona, 17(3), 1004–1013. https://doi.org/10.17059/ekon.reg.2021-3-20

30. Xu, J., Song, R., & Zhu, H. (2022). Evaluation of Smart City Sustainable Development Prospects Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2022, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/5744415

31. Yakushina, O. I. (2021). Organizing public space in the contemporary city within “open” and “smart” city framework. Theory and Practice of Social Development, 4 (158), 33–42. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.24158/tipor.2021.4.5


Review

For citations:


Tikhaleva E.Yu. “Smart Cities”: Legal Regulation and Potential of Development. Journal of Digital Technologies and Law. 2023;1(3):803-824. https://doi.org/10.21202/jdtl.2023.35. EDN: djkvsd

Views: 121


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2949-2483 (Online)